USMR Wikia
Tags: apiedit Visual edit
Tags: apiedit Visual edit
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=== M1903A4 ===
 
=== M1903A4 ===
 
In 1942, a specific sniper variant was introduced as the A4. It removed the iron sights and added an M73 or M73B1 2.5× Weaver telescopic sight. This sniper version was used through World War II and the Korean War until it was replaced by the M40 and M21 sniper rifles during the Vietnam War.
 
In 1942, a specific sniper variant was introduced as the A4. It removed the iron sights and added an M73 or M73B1 2.5× Weaver telescopic sight. This sniper version was used through World War II and the Korean War until it was replaced by the M40 and M21 sniper rifles during the Vietnam War.
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== Attachments ==
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'''Model 1903 Bayonet:''' Original spike bayonet.
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'''Model 1905 Bayonet:''' Blade-type bayonet adopted which replaced the flimsy original.

Revision as of 15:20, 16 December 2016

The M1903 Springfield, or more formally the United States Rifle, Caliber .30-06, Model 1903, was a bolt-action rifle in service with the US Armed Forces from 1903 to 1974.

Service

The United States Marine Raider Division adopted the Springfield rifle in 1903 to replace their aging supply of Krag-Jorgenson rifles, then in service since the Spanish-American War. Recruits were required to fire 15 accurate shots in a minute and were trained extensively with the bayonet. The marine raiders fully equipped their forces with the weapon by 1905, first seeing action with the 4th Marine Raider Regiment in the Philippine-American War. The various regiments all used the Springfield as their primary arm during the Banana Wars. It saw even more widespread use during World War I, used on all fronts by the marine raiders. Designated squad members deployed rifle grenades with great effectiveness against fortified positions and large groups of enemy troops. Scout snipers used the Springfield with a telescopic sight attached, eliminating targets of opportunity within the German, Austrian, and Ottoman forces. Springfield rifles remained the primary arm of the division throughout the remainder of the Banana Wars until 1936, when they were replaced by the M1 Garand. During World War II, the Springfield was used as a reserve arm and occasionally saw action at the front, but it remained in service as the primary sniper rifle, deployed against the German, Italian, and Japanese armies. The sniper variant was also used in action against Communist forces during the Korean War and early in the Vietnam War, but by then it was already being replaced by the more modern M40 and M21 rifles. It was entirely phased out in 1974, with further use restricted to ceremonial purposes.

Variants

M1903

The original variant, introduced in 1903, was chambered for the .30-03 cartridge until it was re-chambered for the .30-06 cartridge in 1906. This variant was used during World War I.

M1903A1

This variant introduced a pistol grip-type stock with its adoption in as the standard rifle in 1929. It saw action in Nicaragua and Haiti during the 1930s, and was used in reserve during World War II.

M1903A2

The A2 variant, adopted in the 1930s, was a subcaliber rifle used by artillery crews.

M1903A3

The A3 variant added a different sight and several modifications to make production cheaper in 1942. This was the most common standard infantry version of the weapon during World War II. It was a reserve weapon, but occasionally saw combat in the early battles of the war.

M1903A4

In 1942, a specific sniper variant was introduced as the A4. It removed the iron sights and added an M73 or M73B1 2.5× Weaver telescopic sight. This sniper version was used through World War II and the Korean War until it was replaced by the M40 and M21 sniper rifles during the Vietnam War.

Attachments

Model 1903 Bayonet: Original spike bayonet.

Model 1905 Bayonet: Blade-type bayonet adopted which replaced the flimsy original.